What is Som Pradosh?
Som Pradosh or Som Pradosham is an auspicious day dedicated to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. In a traditional Hindu Lunar month, Pradosha occurs twice during the two phases of the Moon( waxing and waning) on 13th day of both fortnights. The Pradosha that falls on a Monday, is known as Som Pradosh.
Som Pradosh Fast:
On Som Pradosh, usually, a fast is observed called, Som Pradosham Vrat.
Monday, also known as Somvaar, is dedicated to Lord Shiva, hence, the name Som Pradosh. Observing a fast on a Monday is known to bless a devotee a good peace of mind and emotional strength. For females, it is associated with offering prayers to the Lord Shiva for a good husband.
Significance Of Soma Pradosha:
While Pradosha fasting is majorly associated with Lord Shiva, if we talk about the day- Monday, it is also, dedicated to Lord Shiva. Hence, a Pradosha falling on a Monday is considered to be very auspicious. The name Pradosh indicates the twilight period, that is, the period just before sunset and immediately after sunset.
Generally, the twilight period is between 1.5 hours before sunset and 1 hour after sunset. During this period, the Hindu devotees believe that Lord Shiva and Parvati are at their best cheerful mood. Anyone asking for blessings and offerings are highly blessed by the couple during the Pradosham period.
How Soma Pradosha Fast is Observed:
Devotees generally spend this day chanting mantras devoted to the lord or reading the Shiva Purana. The fast begins at sunrise and ends in the evening after offering pujas by consuming the Prasad. Staunch devotees do not eat anything during the day and opt for water. However, there are devotees who observe a partial fast by consuming fruits and water.
Pradosh Dates in 2012:
February 19, 2012 – Sunday
March 19, 2012 – Som Pradosh – Monday
April 18, 2012 – Wednesday
May 18, 2012 – Friday
June 16, 2012 – Saturday - Shani Pradosh
July 16, 2012 – Monday - Som Pradosh - Shravan Pradosh in North India
August 29, 2012 – Wednesday
September 27, 2012 – Thursday
October 27, 2012 – Saturday - Shani Pradosh
November 25, 2012 – Sunday